However, this skills are hard to identify due to the high pressured path we are putting are children in. For example, today’s children are spoiled and are led to believe that they can do anything they want. But, is it really this kind of mentality we want to teach them?
We, as humans, believe that because we were able to do something quickly means we are talented at it, but remember, skills you can develop and being born with "it" are different.
I will add part of my research below and in different posts add what I think are crucial skills for everyone…
According to Anderson (2009), Problem solving is goal-directed behavior that often involves setting subgoals to enable the application of operators. Therefore, Problem solving can be described as the utilization of specific methods or mental processes for finding solutions to problems.
• Identify the problem – Improve students forehand strokes
• Proposed solutions:
o Motivate students with videos
o Spend personal time with each student
o Let them find the solution by themselves
• Select best solution – Spend personal with each student
• Test and review: When teaching tennis, I faced many unmotivated students and I had to think of new ways to increase students’ energy and excitement towards practice. It was difficult to understand my students’ needs as I already knew how to perform a perfect forehand – I needed to learn how to learn Mumford (1986). After several days spent talking with my previous instructor, watching videos, and reading books on how to teach I concluded that the best motivation a student can receive is by caring about him or her development. This make my students feel more comfortable expressing their flaws in a proper manner, directing me to address those flaws in the limited personal time I had with everyone.
• Identify the problem – Lost in translation
• Propose solutions:
o Practice tenses by writing them repeatedly
o Put them a test and evaluate them
o Have them watch videos in Spanish and identify the tenses
• Select best solution – Practice tenses by writing them repeatedly
• Test and review: When teaching Spanish to children aged 6 and 7, they often asked me how to formulate sentences in the past tense. I originally thought of just giving them the answer, but that would not have helped in their future studies. Thus, I asked them to write three possible ways of writing what I asked. To my surprise, they wrote five sentences, where two of them were correct. Identifying the problem was difficult but finding the solution was harder. First, I needed to understand how to learn, which took me several days to identify. Then, test several teaching methods. At the end, I understood that putting the responsibility of doing well in my students, helped me understand how they felt about what their parents viewed as ‘dumb.’
Justification: Problem-solving is probably one of the most wanted skills in companies today.
Moreover, most of them do not test this skill believing entirely in what the candidate and his or her references say. However, identifying how someone will react to a certain problem is difficult
to identify in an interview or classroom. Commonly, when facing a new adversity the first human behavior is panic, but if problem-solving skills are trained properly, it will create people knowing how to react emotionally to any given situation.
1. Anderson (2009) says that there are at least three ways to acquire new problem-solving operators: by discovery, by being told about them, or by observing someone else use them. Therefore, when my students struggled learning the future tenses in Spanish, I encouraged them to discover possible ways to formulate the sentences. At the end, they discovered that the best way to do it is by throwing several possibilities rather than over think one and be wrong.
2. Learning is a constructive process in which a student converts words and examples generated by the teacher or presented in a text, into usable skills, such as solving problems (Chi et al. 1989). In my example, as I spent more time with my students they got motivated and transformed my words by putting them in action.
How people should learn this skill:
Anderson (2009) says that there are at least three ways to acquire new problem-solving operators: by discovery, by being told about them, or by observing someone else use them. Therefore, I believe children should spend more time in complicated situations, of course to their level. For example, my nephew is 1 year and a half old and he is constantly playing with games that will greatly improve his cognitive skills. My sister is a musician and always plays drums with him. It is impressive how fast he learns and distinguishes sounds. When he is on a bad tempo, he waits until he feels the music and accordingly continues beating the drums.
- Anderson, J. R. (2009). Cognitive Psychology and its Implications. WORTH.
- Chi, M., deLeeuw, N., Chiu, M., and LaVancher, C. (1989). Self-explanation: How Students Study and Use Examples in Learning to Solve Problems. Cognitive Science, 13, 145-182.